Creating a new field using op command line tool

Hi - What's the correct syntax to create a field inside an object and set a password for it? We're trying to look to see if a field exists, grab it's contents and if it doesn't then create the field and set a password then grab it again.

./op edit item UUIDadsfasdfUUID softwareupdate= --generate-password
[ERROR] 2021/02/11 14:27:31 The item doesn't have a "softwareupdate" field.

1Password Version: Not Provided
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  • ag_yaronag_yaron

    Team Member

    Hey @Isaac ,

    The op edit item command currently does not allow creating new fields, it only allows editing existing fields. We hope to improve this in the future though!

    In the meantime, you can create a new item with all the relevant fields using the op create item command:

    To create an item with custom fields, you have to create a json item, encode it, and pass it into the op create command. The json item can look like this:

      "sections": [
          "fields": [
              "k": "string",
              "n": "softwareupdate",
              "t": "Software Update",
              "v": "PlainTextValue"
              "k": "concealed",
              "n": "softwareupdate2",
              "t": "Software Update 2",
              "v": "StrongPassword123"
          "name": "section_name",
          "title": "Section Name"

    There are two custom fields in this example JSON:

    • The first field is a plain text field called "Software Update" and the value in it would read "plainTextValue" in plain text (e.g. for values that are not secrets such as names and descriptions).
    • The 2nd field is a password field (concealed) and is called "Software Update 2". The value in it is "StrongPassword123" which will be concealed as a password field.
    • The "name" and "title" part is for creating that entire section in the custom item. Creating sections and giving them titles will make things easier when organizing (and editing) logins.

    Now, let's say you saved that JSON and called it softwareupdate.json , then your command to create that item should look like this:
    op create item Login --title NewItemTitle --vault NameOfVault $(op encode item < Path_To_softwareupdate.json)

    As for generating a password, the --generate-password variable can only be used for the main password field of any give item, and cannot generate a password into a custom field, so if you use the --generate-password variable you will overwrite the item's main password field with a new one.

    I hope this will point you in the right direction :)

  • Gotcha, thanks. It'd be nice to add secondary password fields to an existing item and randomly generate their data via the command line. Sometimes there are secondary accounts to a service we would want to document, like a read only API user, that doesn't warrant its own item entry.

  • ag_yaronag_yaron

    Team Member

    I have forwarded this feedback to our team @Isaac , thank you :)

  • @ag_yaron I have over 700 1Password entries. My team would like to add a new field to each. What are my options? Based on the response in this doc, we would have to add this manually, to each?

  • will new fields be added to existing records if you add them to the template from which those records were created?

  • ag_yaronag_yaron

    Team Member

    Hey @adrianbj ,

    The CLI tool was made to provide users with the tools to build their own scripts and workflows to automated processes. You can write a script that exports all 700 items to a JSON, then edit the JSON of each entry and add whichever field you'd like, then import it all back into 1Password.

    @itsthecode No. If you use the op create item command it will create a new item, even if it is from a template that was already used.

  • @ag_yaron Is there a way to create custom fields via the command line, but without to create json item?
    Something like this:
    op create item "Login" CUSTOME_FIELD_ONE=asdfasdfasd CUSTOME_FIELD_TWO=asdfsdfasdfas --title "Test"

  • ag_yaronag_yaron

    Team Member

    Hey @ohrab ,

    Only a json item can contain custom fields. There are no flags that create custom fields in the CLI, so you will have to take that route of creating a json :)

  • Thx for reply @ag_yaron. Could you please clarify if possible to add multiple websites(urls) via op cli or via pass json to it?

  • ag_yaronag_yaron

    Team Member

    Currently, it is not possible to add more than one URL via the CLI, @ohrab .
    You can add a single URL to a new item while creating/importing it by adding the --url flag.

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